What Is It? Published: July, Human papilloma virus HPV causes common warts, the small, white, beige or brown skin growths that can appear almost anywhere on the body and on the moist mucous membranes near the mouth, anus and genitals.
There are more than different types of HPV, each with its own favorite skin surface to invade.
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Some cause the small, painless, rough-surfaced warts found on the fingers and face. Others cause the larger, more painful and flatter plantar warts that grow on the soles of the feet. More than 40 different types of HPV can infect the skin covering the sex organs, cervix and opening of the anus. Genital HPV infections are very common.
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Up to 80 percent of sexually active adults will get an HPV infection of the genital area at some point in their lives. In most cases, these infections do not cause symptoms.
They can cause genital warts In a small number of women, certain HPV strains cause changes in the cervix that can become cancerous if not treated. HPV is also linked to cancers of the penis, vagina, anus, vulva, and also to mouth and throat cancers.
HPV subtypes 16 and 18 are the causes of most cancers.
All rights reserved. For commercial re-use, please contact journals. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract A year-old multiparous lady presented to the Gynaecology outpatient department with a 12 × 5 cm warty growth in the vulva.
HPV types 6 and 11 cause most cases of genital warts. Human papilloma viruses usually are spread by direct skin contact, such as shaking the hand of someone who has a wart on their finger or having sexual intercourse with someone who has a genital HPV infection.
Genital HPV infections can be spread by people with no symptoms, but the risk of infection is particularly high if you have intercourse with someone who has genital warts.
Less often, the viruses are carried on surfaces touched by someone who has warts, especially inside shoes that have been worn by someone with plantar warts.
Once a person has been infected with an HPV, symptoms usually take three to four months to develop.
However, in some cases, warts have developed as long as two years after contact with an infected person or contaminated surface. Rakovina vérszegénység experts estimate that common warts can be found on the hands of about one-fourth of all people in the United States, especially children.
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For some unknown reason, plantar warts are most common among teenagers and young adults. Symptoms It is possible to have an HPV skin or genital infection without having symptoms.
Evidence level ACan be combined with destructive methods, such as cryotherapy; however, the patients should not apply the imiquimod until the skin is healed from the procedure. Topical Podofilox 0. Evidence level AThis is patient applied, as opposed to podophyllin, which is more potent and physician applied only. Destructive Cryotherapy Physician applied: liquid nitrogen is sprayed or applied to lesions once every weeks. Evidence level BLesions will potentially blister, crust, or ulcerate after treatment; patients should be told to apply vaseline for wound healing.
When an HPV infection does cause a wart, the appearance varies slightly depending on its location: Common skin warts — These most often affect the hands, face, skin or scalp, and are especially common on sites of previous skin injury. They are small about 6 millimeters or one-fourth of an inchfirm, painless, rounded growths that are whitish, pink, beige or brown.
The wart surface may be smooth and pearly or rough like a cauliflower. Flat warts — These are flat, white, beige or brown growths. They do not usually itch. They typically occur on the face, neck, chest, forearms, wrists or hands.
Plantar warts — These are thick, painful overgrowths of skin on the soles of the feet. They are often mistaken for simple calluses. Genital warts — These usually appear as one to 10 pink, painless growths with a rough, cauliflower-like surface. In men, genital warts most commonly affect the tip of the penis, the opening of the urethra and the skin around the anus especially in men who practice anal sex.
Route of transmission
In women, genital warts usually appear first at the posterior opening of the vagina papilloma condilomi hpv on the labia the lip-like folds of skin around the vagina. Cancer caused papilloma condilomi hpv HPV often causes no symptoms.
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- The locations and specific manifestations of infection depend on the type of virus and its mode of transmission.
- Oropharyngeal Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection
- Overview What is human papilloma virus HPV?
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Diagnosis Your doctor usually can diagnose warts by examining the area. By looking at the area, your doctor also can determine what treatment may be necessary. In general warts don't need to be biopsied.
Oropharyngeal Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection
However, if your doctor is concerned that the changes could be cancerous, a skin biopsy may be needed. In a biopsy, a small piece of tissue is removed and examined under a microscope. People with plantar warts may complain of pain on the bottom of their feet when walking. If you have possible plantar warts, your doctor will examine your affected foot.
He or she will want to be sure there are no bone, joint or tendon problems that would explain the pain. Plantar warts might not be the actual cause of foot pain.
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If you have possible genital warts, your doctor will ask about your sexual practices, including condom use and anal sex. Condoms help decrease the risk of getting infected with HPV and spreading it to partners. But the HPV might exist on areas not covered by a condom.
If you engage in anal sex, your doctor will examine the area around and inside the anus for warts and other skin changes from HPV. If you engage in oral sex, your doctor can look for sores or discolored areas on your tongue and inside your mouth. In women with genital warts, the doctor will do papilloma condilomi hpv pelvic and rectal exam.
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A Pap smear will be done to look for microscopic pre-cancer or early cancer of the cervix caused by HPV. Your doctor may also do colposcopy to get a more detailed look at the surface of the cervix and vagina. This tube-like instrument has a light and lenses to give the doctor a magnified view of the cervix and nearby vaginal skin. A biopsy of abnormal cervical tissue may be necessary to look for cervical cancer.
The test helps to identify women who have papilloma condilomi hpv types of HPV infection associated with the development of cervical cancer. Expected Duration Many warts disappear on their own. This may take one or two years. Others last for longer periods.